With so much uncertainty in the air, how can principals stay focused on student success and end the school year feeling more relaxed?
1- Taking care of your team members
This will have been repeated ad nauseam since the beginning of the pandemic: caring must guide all teachers' actions and decisions. It should certainly guide the actions of school leaders as well. Indeed, logic dictates that a happy team is more motivated. This motivation not only creates enthusiasm for the work, but also shows up in the students.
The key is a happy mix of openness, listening, tolerance and altruism. It's not rocket science, you may say, but in the end, isn't that what we expect from our own teachers towards our students?
2- Focus on student success
Principals can contribute to student success by being actively engaged in the development of the professional skills and teaching practices of their school team. When it is understood and perceived that every decision the principal makes is aimed at ensuring the success of every student, the tone is set and teachers know that the principal is always their ally in this critical process.
3- Focus on continuous training for all
One of the ways in which management is concerned with the development of the professional skills of its school team is to collaborate in its ongoing training. This opens up new professional horizons and sometimes even makes them aware of the power to act that each of them holds on a daily basis. The case of classroom management is a good example.
However, it is pointless to advocate for the ongoing development of your school team when you, as a principal, are not leading by example! The professional development of the principal is just as important. It ensures that you are equipped to deal with the new needs of students and their parents, as well as the challenges posed by daily school life. All of this, without neglecting the importance of understanding the subtleties of the laws and various regulations that apply to the school.
4- Cultivate the bond of trust with teachers
It has been shown by Balyer (2017) that to exercise pedagogical leadership, one must have the trust of one's team and that to enjoy this trust, one must primarily demonstrate consistency in one's duties. Indeed, staff engagement as well as their "job performance" would be directly influenced by the degree of trust they have in the leadership, in addition to directly influencing the organizational climate of the institution (Daly, 2009; Balyer, 2017).
Three elements appear to be essential for building this confidence among teachers:
- Act in the best interests of teachers: they must know and understand that decisions are made to make their jobs easier and to ensure the success of all students;
- Keeping promises: when a principal commits to something, he or she must keep his or her word. For example, an annual goal set at the beginning of the school year should be met;
- Intervene in a consistent manner, regardless of who you are talking to (teacher, student, parent, etc.): posture, discourse and decisions should always be the same.
5- Sharing leadership
The principal must trust his or her team and clarify the roles expected of everyone so that everyone can take an active part in the day-to-day activities of the school, in all areas.
Leadership is not the prerogative of the principal and, in a perspective of shared leadership, measures must be taken to decentralize certain decisions, certain initiatives related to school organization, school life, student success, etc. In addition, decentralized leadership allows teachers to better exercise their professional autonomy.
Instructional leadership is a form of power that allows one to put oneself into action for the benefit of student success. Ultimately, the principal is exercising power over herself: the power to move through the waves and pitfalls, while maintaining a zen-like mindset.
Balyer, A. (2017). Trust in School Principals: Teachers' Opinions. Journal of Education and Learning, 6(2). 317-325.
Daly, J. A. (2009). Rigid response in an age of accountability: the potential of leadership and trust. Educational Administration Quarterly, 45(2), 168-216.