L'École branchée, un organisme à but non lucratif
0.00 $

No products in the cart.

Some observations on Finnish school culture

After two days of meeting education professionals, our collaborator Marc-André Girard presents his vision of things in connection with Finnish school culture.

Published on :


I know for a fact that I only spent two days meeting Finnish education professionals: researchers, professors, teachers, directors, students, etc. I know that my vision of things is not complete and that I paint only a partial picture. Despite everything, here are some relevant comments related to my Finnish school adventure.

The noise

The Finns are naturally reserved. I knew it since I had met Pasi sahlberg a few years ago and I had found him not very talkative for a public figure. Indeed, having experienced it, the Finns are comfortable in silence. They are not particularly fond of unnecessary noise and they do not feel the need to fill in the moments of silence in a conversation. In general, they are a quiet and disciplined people and they enjoy keeping their distance from strangers.

In schools, it's a bit the same thing: it's quiet. Students are disciplined, but are active. In the first school I visited, I did not see any class with desks arranged in "row of onions". Any. The students work intuitively and in collaboration: they are standing, moving around, discussing. In short, they are active and the classes often follow the configuration of a flexible arrangement.

What surprised me the most is that the students, for the most part, do not wear shoes! Yes, you read that correctly: they spend their day in socks or slippers! Teachers also wear slippers or sandals with socks. I couldn't believe it! I asked the question to a teacher and the principal. What if someone gets hurt? What if the fire alarm sounds and the students have to evacuate? Do you have a few hundred kids in socks outside in the snow in sub-freezing temperatures? I explained to them that in Quebec, young people had to wear their shoes at all times and that staff members could not even wear sandals without a heel strap for reasons of health and safety at work… they threw me away. a look filled with incomprehension.

Students' freedom

I also visited a school called "upper school", attended by students from 16 to 19 years old. The school is an artistic one and the students have a pretty incredible level of freedom. The doors of all premises are unlocked and they can go anywhere to advance their work during their free time. Yes, you will have understood that the pupils already have "holes" in their timetable! To this end, four examples from my visits come to mind:

First, students work on a project they have already started. They are two, in a room to work the fabric, with sewing machines. There is no teacher on site!

Others play a musical piece in a small theater. There are five or six of them playing in a corner. Again, no teacher around.

Third, I'm going to attend an art history class. About thirty young people are in the class. The teacher comes to greet me and offers to show me the work of her students, which is stored in premises scattered over the four floors of the school. She therefore leaves her thirty students to go with me for about fifteen minutes!

I ask him: "are you going to leave your students alone?" "

She replies: “Yes! They know what they have to do! "

What more can be said?

Finally, during recess, children slide on a hill in the schoolyard, a track designed for children and at the foot of which stands a pole. I stopped to watch them slide, wondering when the inevitable was going to happen. No accident!

Behind me, on the other side of a path, two kids are bickering amicably. The first is climbed on the other as if to perfect his wrestling techniques.

It seems to me that the students are trusted. We let them be children. There are no worries about the possible implications of liability or injury. We let them play and channel their positive energy. Maybe that's why they are calm when they get back to class?

We make sure that everyone is comfortable in their school environment and that they feel good there, whether they are wearing stockings, sandals or whether they have the taste of sliding outside on a small icy slope in front of a pole.


Perhaps some of you draw a hasty conclusion: they are reserved, cold and they leave their students alone in a room without supervision in addition… think again! The overall picture I make of them is that they are extremely caring and warm with young people. They are on the lookout, but they certainly want to help make their students independent and, possibly, they feel that this does not necessarily have to go through continual constraint ...

In addition, we must not forget that European society and North American society are very different and that, possibly, the issues related to civil liability differ from one place to another.


This article is part of a series published by our author and collaborator Marc-André Girard, as part of his participation in the Laboratory of innovation and digital in education (LINE) at the University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.

You can read all the articles in this series here.

About the Author

Marc-André Girard
Marc-André Girard
Marc-André Girard holds a bachelor's degree in social studies education (1999), a master's degree in history education (2003), a master's degree in education management (2013) and a doctorate in education (2022). He specializes in school-based change management and educational leadership. He is also interested in the 21st century competencies to be developed in education. He is a principal in a public high school and gives conferences on educational leadership, pedagogical approaches, change in schools and the professionalization of teaching. He has participated in educational expeditions in France, Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Morocco. In September 2014, he published the book "Le changement en milieu scolaire québécois" with Éditions Reynald Goulet and, in 2019, he published a trilogy on the 21st century school with the same publisher. He is a frequent contributor to L'École branchée on educational issues. He is very involved in everything that surrounds the professional development of teachers and principals as well as the integration of ICT in education. In March 2016, he received a CHAPO award from AQUOPS for his overall involvement. He is a recipient of the Régent-Fortin 2022 scholarship awarded by ADERAE for the significant contribution of his doctoral studies to the development of practice and knowledge in educational administration.

Your comments

To comment on this topic and add your ideas, we invite you to follow us on social networks. All articles are published there and it is also possible to comment directly on Facebook, Twitter or LinkedIn.

Do you have news to share with us or would you like to publish a testimonial?

Publicize your educational project or share your ideas via our Opinion, Testimonials or Press Releases sections! Here's how to do it!

Receive the Weekly Newsletter

Get our Info #DevProf and l'Hebdo so you don't miss out on anything new at École branchée!

You might also like:

(Finland) Digital: a key ingredient in the deployment of inclusive education

During his recent educational expedition to Finland, our collaborator Marc-André Girard spoke with Sini Kontkanen, from the digital education research group TOTY. Listen to the interview as a podcast or read its report here!

(Finland) Meeting with Marjaana Kangas, playful learning specialist

During his recent educational expedition to Finland, our collaborator Marc-André Girard spoke with Professor Marjaana Kangas, from the University of Lapland, who studies the mechanisms of playful learning. Listen to the interview as a podcast or read its report here!

Develop student autonomy with digital devices

We met Andréanne Pelletier, grade 5 teacher at the Millennium Pavilion, who talks about the development of student autonomy with the use of a digital device in the classroom.

Autonomy, can that be taught?

We often hear that students lack autonomy to accomplish certain tasks or that it is important to develop autonomy in them. But what is autonomy? Is this behavior that changes with age? Can this be taught? How to get there? How to measure it?