How good it is to eat good pasta with basil pesto, a bacon, lettuce, tomato sandwich or a fresh vegetable gratin. It is even nicer to be able to taste these dishes using food grown yourself.
From March, you can start growing several plants indoors. Sowing the seedlings indoors allows the plant to start growing earlier in order to give it time to produce enough fruit before the temperature cools down in October.
Gardeners in every region of the globe have created calendars that let us know when to plant indoors and directly in the garden, when to move them outdoors, and when to harvest. For example, according to the experience of gardeners, the right time to plant tomato seeds is between the end of March and mid-April, or 6 weeks before putting them outside. For carrots, plant them directly in the garden in mid-May. Several calendars exist online, however it is necessary to choose one that represents your region. The site Space for Life at the Montreal Botanical Garden offers an interesting schedule.
Of course, it is also possible to get ready-to-plant seedlings in the garden.
When you want to create a garden, you have to plan it according to your needs, according to the space available and not to forget the time and energy that you can devote to it. The apprentice gardener chooses his seeds based on what he likes to eat or the flowers he finds pretty. Then, you have to find out if it is possible to grow the foods you choose in your environment. Several gardeners and garden centers share their gardening experiences on the internet or in books. We can read that it is difficult to grow a corn plant in a pot on a balcony for example. In addition, knowing that a corn plant generally produces two ears, it is a lot of energy to devote for little yield. A cherry tomato plant may be more interesting to grow on your balcony since it produces a lot of tomatoes. If you are away for a vacation during the summer, you must provide the help of someone who will take care of the garden.
If you have more space in the field, you may want to try more than one type of seed. It is therefore interesting to organize the environment where we will grow our plants. The plants have different heights. They must be avoided by hiding themselves from the sun, for example.
Preparing the soil by making sure it will be healthy enough to accommodate the plants is something to consider. 🌱
It is important to be well informed before starting. The success of a garden depends on several elements and the attention given to it (The checklist table below will be useful if you are tempted by the experience). Despite all the efforts made, nature is very capricious. Taking notes and experimenting will improve the garden from year to year. Nevertheless, the pride one feels when tasting a vegetable that has been grown gives almost every bite the desire to sow the next spring.
1. Choose the plants you want to grow. 🌶🥦🍓🥒
2. Consider the space and time available for plant care.
3. Learn about the plants chosen.
4. Get the materials: tools, seeds and soil. 👩🌾
5. Plant at the right time seedlings and plants. 🌱
6. Observe, water, weed, note changes.
7. Harvest and taste. 🪴
Cooking with your crops is the ultimate goal of gardening. Have your students search the web for recipes that contain the foods they would like to grow. Why not create a small cookbook with Book CreatorGoogle Slides or Apple Pages, or organize a directory of links containing your favorite recipes?
Disciplines and levels targeted
Elementary cycle 2 and 3:
- Science and technology
- Connect various tools, objects or technological processes to their contexts and uses
- Evaluate the impact of various tools, instruments or processes
- Use of simple measuring instruments
- Conventions and modes of representation specific to the concepts under study (tables for example)
- plant reproduction
- Plant growth
- Mobilize mathematical concepts and processes appropriate to the situation
- Geometry (Track in a plane)
- Measurement (conventional units of length, area, time and temperature)
Targeted dimensions of digital competence
- Harnessing the potential of digital technology for learning
- Developing and mobilizing information literacy
- Producing content with digital
Suggested digital tools
- Creation of tables: Microsoft (Word, PowerPoint, Excel…), Apple (Pages, Keynote, Numbers…), Google Drive (Spreadsheet, Presentation, Document…)
- Plan creation: Tinkercad, Mindcraft, SketchUp
- Gardener's notebook: Comic Life, BDnF, slideshow (Power Point style), Padlet
Educational intention of the guide
At the end of the readings and activities, students will be able to experiment with gardening from seed to harvest, whether at school or at home.
Objectives of the activities
- Understand that planning and organization help garden success.
- Get informed to have the necessary knowledge to operate a garden.
- Discover the growth process of the plant.
- Appreciate nature.
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