Ten young sheep will maintain the lawns of the Jardins de Métis in the Bas-Saint-Laurent region all summer. Let's take a closer look at this eco-grazing project which will make it possible to avoid the use of gasoline mowers.

“This project will avoid the use of gasoline mowers. By reducing their environmental footprint, in particular by reducing petroleum products, Les Jardins de Métis are gradually helping to achieve their goal of becoming the greenest garden in North America. "

Source: La Presse

The next activities allow you to discover the Reford Gardens, which have been open to the public since 1962. These have become a place national historic in 1995 and are internationally recognized as an exceptional work of horticultural art.


At the end of the activities, the student will be able to:

- To name the names of different gardens to visit at the Jardins de Métis;
- Explain what “Moutondeuses” are;
- Invent a spoon of flowers from the fauna of the Jardins de Métis;
- Create a visit itinerary with three specifically chosen gardens.

Suggested Activities

ACTIVITY 1: What are “Moutondeuses”?

In order to initiate this activity, locate the Reford Gardens on a world map or Google maps. Present this video explaining the principle underlying this new kind of biological mower.

Continue by presenting the cuff following which relates the origin of this micro-pasture project. Start a discussion with the students to determine the advantages and disadvantages of this type of green grazing approach.

Here are some questions that could feed your discussions:

  • Why are the “Moutondeuses” qualified as ecological?
  • What other types of animals could perform this type of maintenance?
  • What are the disadvantages of using “Moutondeuses”?
  • What other places or tourist spots could benefit from this type of maintenance?

ACTIVITY 2: The Métis gardens classified as world heritage

Begin this activity by walking through the gallery photos showing images from the Reford Gardens.

Continue by displaying the menu showing the various Reford Gardens found in this site in Gaspé, Quebec.

Suggest that the students develop a tour route. They will have to choose three gardens to visit and will have to explain their reasons for wanting to visit these places especially if they were tourists visiting this region of Canada.
Suggest that the students use the following work outline in order to record their ideas for a diversified itinerary.

ACTIVITY 3: Flower spoons

Start this activity by having students listen to the audio report with Elsie Reford, the founder of Les Jardins de Métis produced in 1995.

Continue by presenting the type of flora as well as the type of fauna that visitors can observe at Reford Gardens.

Present the video of the Spoon of flowers by Métis to show an example video for the students to make. Having previously seen the types of flowers and shrubs that could potentially be found in a personal “Flower Spoon” recipe, invite students to create their own edible or non-edible flower recipe.
Distribute this working outline so that they can invent a spoon of flowers, edible or not, and then write down the flowers chosen for their personal spoon.

More about the magazine

Les Jardins de Métis classified as a heritage site
Radio-Canada, June 26, 2013

Flowers and visitors to the Reford Gardens
Radio-Canada, August 11, 2014

A great international meeting at the Jardins de Métis
La Presse, August 2, 2014