New episode of the Nuance in Education podcast: About 21st Century Skills

In this second episode of the podcast On nuance in education, Marc-André Girard asks what competencies are for the 21st century. There are several references to competencies, and finding your way around them is no easy task! 

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ATTENTION! The English translation is automated - Errors (sometimes hilarious!) can creep in! ;)

For this second episode of the podcast Nuance in educationMarc-André Girard questions what competencies are for the 21st century. There are indeed several reference systems that refer to them, and finding one's way through them is no small task! 

Marc-Andre gives a voice to those who promote these skills and also makes room for those who warn educators against such models. In particular, he called on professor Margarida Romero to talk about these skills and explain which ones she and her team consider necessary. 

Essentially, the thesis is that schools are not keeping up with the pace of change in society, and so the idea behind these skills is to address the concern to better prepare students for the challenges that await them in this century.


Baillargeon, N. (2019). 21st century skills. Retrieved from:

Bissonnette, Steve and Boyer, Christian (2018). School organizations shouldn't answer the sweet sirens of 21st century skills. Training and Profession, 26 (3), 131-133.

Fugardo, S. M. (2022). The school of sharing. Retrieved from:

Lengel, J. G. (2013). Education 3.0. Teachers College Press.

Mastafi, M. (2014). Obstacles to the integration of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the Moroccan educational system., 8, 50-65.

LAUGHTER. (2016). 21st century skills. Retrieved from:

Romero, M, Lille, B, & Patino, A. (2017). Creative uses of digital for learning in the 21st century. Presses de l'Université du Québec.

Scott, Cynthia Luna (2015). Learning for the future 2: What kind of learning for the 21st century? United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. UNESCO. Retrieved from:

Tremblay, C. & Poellhuber, B. (2022). Qualitative analysis of 21st century digital and informational skill repositories: observed global trends. in Education and the Profession, 30(2), 1-26.

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About the Author

Marc-André Girard
Marc-André Girard
Marc-André Girard holds a bachelor's degree in social studies education (1999), a master's degree in history education (2003), a master's degree in education management (2013) and a doctorate in education (2022). He specializes in school-based change management and educational leadership. He is also interested in the 21st century competencies to be developed in education. He is a principal in a public high school and gives conferences on educational leadership, pedagogical approaches, change in schools and the professionalization of teaching. He has participated in educational expeditions in France, Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Morocco. In September 2014, he published the book "Le changement en milieu scolaire québécois" with Éditions Reynald Goulet and, in 2019, he published a trilogy on the 21st century school with the same publisher. He is a frequent contributor to L'École branchée on educational issues. He is very involved in everything that surrounds the professional development of teachers and principals as well as the integration of ICT in education. In March 2016, he received a CHAPO award from AQUOPS for his overall involvement. He is a recipient of the Régent-Fortin 2022 scholarship awarded by ADERAE for the significant contribution of his doctoral studies to the development of practice and knowledge in educational administration.

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