Erupting volcano: when the beast awakens

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The volcanic eruption is a particularly rare phenomenon. In March and April 2021, two volcanoes woke up ...

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In March and April 2021, two volcanoes were talked about more than usual when they woke up. A rather rare phenomenon, the volcanic eruption is both fascinating and threatening.

The first to come into operation, forty kilometers from Reykjavik (the capital of Iceland), is called Fagradalsfjall and has now been in operation for a month. Its eruption took place without any consequence other than the spectacle of the glowing red magma, attracting many tourists. Lava had not flowed there since the 13th century (over 800 years).

“Residents were called on not to go on site and residents to keep their windows closed as a precaution, because of the potentially dangerous fumes to inhale. Traffic was able to continue at Keflavik airport. "

Radio-Canada, March 19, 2021

Further south, in the Caribbean, the island of Saint-Vincent was the victim of the Soufrière which woke up on April 9, causing columns of smoke eight kilometers high. Part of the island is now covered in ash and is experiencing major water and electricity cuts. More than 16,000 people were evacuated the day before the first explosion as a preventive measure.

“The eruptive phase could last for several days or even weeks, according to the Seismological Research Center at the University of the West Indies (UWI) in Trinidad and Tobago, another Caribbean archipelago, which has advised people of everything do to avoid breathing ashes. "

Le Journal de Montréal, April 11, 2021

To see images of the eruption of the Fagradalsfjall volcano in Iceland, watch this short video capsule produced by L'OBS:

You can also watch this video made by The HuffPost to inform you more about what is happening on the island of Saint-Vincent:



Disciplines and levels targeted

–Science and technology (3rd cycle of elementary)

  • organization of matter
    • Describe the major structures on the Earth's surface

-Science and technology (secondary 1 and 2)

  • Geological and geophysical phenomena
    • volcanoes

Targeted dimensions of digital competence

  • Developing and mobilizing information literacy
  • Harnessing the potential of digital technology for learning

Suggested digital tools

  • Alloprof
  • Google earth
  • Padlet

Educational intention of the guide

Through the next activities, students will be able to describe what a volcano is.

Objectives of the activities

  • Know what characterizes a volcano.
  • Locate the two volcanoes, Soufrière and Fagradalsfjall, on the globe and then compare them.
  • Take a guided tour of the still active volcanoes in the world and highlight their characteristics.

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Designed to fill short periods or inspire larger projects, the activities offered in the SCOOP! allow the teacher to approach the subject matter in the program in addition to developing the information literacy and digital skills of the students.

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