“Global growth and the significant increase in the number of inhabitants on Earth are leading to an overexploitation of this resource. And according to the UN, there is an urgent need to better manage water to avoid a serious shortage by 2030 ”

Source: TF1

The UN report predicts that the demand for water will increase and the supply of drinking water will decrease, which will certainly cause a shortage.

“If current consumption practices remain the same, the planet will only have 60 % of the water it needs in 2030, according to the report. "

Source: La Presse

The following activities will provide a better understanding of the impacts of a possible global shortage of drinking water.


At the end of the activities, the student will be able to:

- Understand the causes of a possible global water shortage;
- Name the consequences of a water shortage;
- Interpret a geographical map concerning the possible global water shortage;
- Identify measures to be taken to avoid wasting drinking water;
- Compose a narrative story that addresses a water shortage;
- Discover events that have taken place to mark World Water Day.

Suggested Activities

ACTIVITY 1: Analyze the news to better understand it

First, tell students that a new report from the United Nations presents a possible global issue that will take place around 2030.

Ask the students if they know what it is. To find out, as a whole class, read this headline from La Presse.

Then, question the students to check their understanding of the news.

- What are the causes of a possible water shortage?
- What type of water will be more in demand with the increase in population?
- What is the proportion of water that will be lacking to meet the global demand for water?
- What would be the consequences of such a water shortage?
- In connection with which event, was the UN report made public?

ACTIVITY 2: Identify impacts and find solutions

Invite students to find out how water scarcity will affect the planet by viewing next article.

Then ask the students to choose one of the maps presented in the article in order to interpret it. Group the students according to their choice of card. Then these teams should discuss their chosen card and prepare a short presentation to give to the class. Among other things, they will have to explain what the legend represents and identify the regions most affected by the phenomenon represented on the map.

Finally, ask the students if they can name one or more measures taken by their school, their municipality or even by the government to reduce water wastage. From an individual point of view, what can be done?

ACTIVITY 3: Experiencing a water shortage in 2030

Invite students to imagine a story in which the main characters face a water shortage in about 15 years. Have them compose a narrative text after completing a diagram like the one below:

Download the source file in Inspiration (.isf) format
Download the file in PDF format (.pdf)

Then invite the student volunteers to read their stories to the class.
Finally, you could suggest various readings on the topic of water to the students. Check out this reading list compiled by the team of librarians from the Commission scolaire de Montréal.

For further

World Water Day took place this Sunday, March 22. As a whole class, identify various events that have taken place in your area to mark this international day. Check the web to find these events and the origins of World Water Day.

More about the magazine

World Water Day
UN website

World Water Day
Web page of the Réseau-In-Terre-Actif

The judicious use of water
Government of Canada website

Véronique is a librarian at the University of Quebec at Trois-Rivières and a trainer in educational technology for future teachers. She also holds a teaching certificate in the social universe at the secondary level and collaborates regularly with the organization L'École branchée.