Resurgence of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict

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For several days, the eyes of the world have been on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Why such a resurgence of violence in the Middle East? Insights into a historical conflict with multiple origins.

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For about two months (April and May 2021), the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has resumed enormously.

It had been several years since the situation had deteriorated to this point. The escalation of violence in recent days has left thousands injured and at least 240 dead, most of them Palestinians. Rocket fire did the most damage, both on the side of the Israelis and the Palestinians. Who are the good guys and who are the bad guys in this story? The Government of Canada says it is wholeheartedly with both camps and does not seem to want to get wet for the moment on this issue which has a long history and multiple origins.

It should be noted that the conflict between the Israelis and the Palestinians in the Middle East dates back several decades. Initially, he opposes Jewish nationalism (Zionism) to Palestinian Arab nationalism, while including an important religious dimension, since Israel is predominantly Jewish and Palestinians are predominantly Muslims.

What explains the resurgence of violence? First, the Palestinian deportation processes supported by Israeli law. Concretely, Israelis are stealing houses belonging to Palestinians on the pretext that their families lived in these lands a century ago. Riots followed on the Esplanade des Mosques (a historic site of tension and hatred between Israelis and Palestinians) and clashes with the police. Second, in the face of this violence, Hamas in Gaza (a Palestinian Islamist movement made up of a political branch and an armed branch) decided to send several rockets against the territory of Israel. With tension at its height, all nations across the world are calling for a truce and an immediate ceasefire.

The challenge

The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is complex and several elements must be taken into consideration to fully understand all the ins and outs. To deepen knowledge on the subject, invite the pupils to carry out this quiz available on the Quizizz platform. Since they will be in “practice” mode, they can remove the timer to have time to research each question.



Disciplines and levels targeted

– 20th century history

  • Name regional conflicts linked to identity assertions

Targeted dimensions of digital competence

  • Developing and mobilizing information literacy
  • Developing critical thinking with regard to the use of digital technology
  • Harnessing the potential of digital technology for learning

Suggested digital tools

  • Quiz
  • Edpuzzle
  • LearningApps

Educational intention of the guide

The following activities will allow students to understand the ins and outs of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Objectives of the activities

  • Understanding the resurgence of violence in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
  • Putting in order the causes and consequences of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
  • Know the foundations of the creation of Israel.

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Designed to fill short periods or inspire larger projects, the activities offered in the SCOOP! allow the teacher to approach the subject matter in the program in addition to developing the information literacy and digital skills of the students.

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