The Office québécois de la langue française (OQLF) adopted a new language borrowing policy in 2017. Let's take a closer look at which ones can now be included in our communications.
Basically, according to Alloprof, an anglicism is a word (or a phrase) borrowed from the lexicon of the English language and which is criticized in the Francophonie when it is used to the detriment of the French language. Several anglicisms are nevertheless well accepted as badminton, steak, boxing and since 2017, grilled cheese, baking powder or leggings.
There are five types of anglicisms: semantic, lexical, syntactic, phonetic and orthographic. Go on the Alloprof website to know the distinctions and see some examples.
"Are you the type to eat a greasy cheese sandwich, cook with baking powder, and put on footless pantyhose?" Or would you rather devour a grilled cheese, use baking powder and wear leggings? Whatever your answer, the Office québécois de la langue française (OQLF) now allows both forms with the adoption of a new policy that does not please everyone. "
Using the examples on Alloprof, have your students write sentences that contain several anglicisms each. Here's an example: "My coach told me to practice even though I'm going to the country this weekend." How many anglicisms are in this example?
Disciplines and levels targeted
- French (suitable for all levels)
- lexicon and vocabulary
Targeted dimensions of digital competence
- Developing and mobilizing information literacy
- Harnessing the potential of digital technology for learning
Educational intention of the guide
This teaching guide provides ideas for activities that allow students to learn more about the linguistic borrowings and anglicisms that are now allowed in the French language.
Objectives of the activities
- Understand the issues surrounding the now accepted anglicisms.
- Know the new anglicisms that can be used in French.
- Distinguish between the different types of anglicisms and borrowings.
- Name some commonly used anglicisms and loanwords.
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